Backup and Restore

Gitea currently has a dump command that will save the installation to a ZIP file. This file can be unpacked and used to restore an instance.

Table of Contents

Backup Command (dump)

Switch to the user running Gitea: su git. Run ./gitea dump -c /path/to/app.ini in the Gitea installation directory. There should be some output similar to the following:

2016/12/27 22:32:09 Creating tmp work dir: /tmp/gitea-dump-417443001
2016/12/27 22:32:09 Dumping local repositories.../home/git/gitea-repositories
2016/12/27 22:32:22 Dumping database...
2016/12/27 22:32:22 Packing dump files...
2016/12/27 22:32:34 Removing tmp work dir: /tmp/gitea-dump-417443001
2016/12/27 22:32:34 Finish dumping in file

Inside the file, will be the following:

  • app.ini - Optional copy of configuration file if originally stored outside of the default custom/ directory
  • custom - All config or customization files in custom/.
  • data - Data directory in <GITEA_WORK_DIR>, except sessions if you are using file session. This directory includes attachments, avatars, lfs, indexers, SQLite file if you are using SQLite.
  • gitea-db.sql - SQL dump of database
  • - Complete copy of the repository directory.
  • log/ - Various logs. They are not needed for a recovery or migration.

Intermediate backup files are created in a temporary directory specified either with the --tempdir command-line parameter or the TMPDIR environment variable.

Using Docker (dump)

There are a few caveats for using the dump command with Docker.

The command has to be executed with the RUN_USER = <OS_USERNAME> specified in gitea/conf/app.ini; and, for the zipping of the backup folder to occur without permission error the command docker exec must be executed inside of the --tempdir.


docker exec -u <OS_USERNAME> -it -w <--tempdir> $(docker ps -qf "name=<NAME_OF_DOCKER_CONTAINER>") bash -c '/app/gitea/gitea dump -c </path/to/app.ini>'

*Note: --tempdir refers to the temporary directory of the docker environment used by Gitea; if you have not specified a custom --tempdir, then Gitea uses /tmp or the TMPDIR environment variable of the docker container. For --tempdir adjust your docker exec command options accordingly.

The result should be a file, stored in the --tempdir specified, along the lines of:

Restore Command (restore)

There is currently no support for a recovery command. It is a manual process that mostly involves moving files to their correct locations and restoring a database dump.


cd gitea-dump-1610949662
mv data/conf/app.ini /etc/gitea/conf/app.ini
mv data/* /var/lib/gitea/data/
mv log/* /var/lib/gitea/log/
mv repos/* /var/lib/gitea/repositories/
chown -R gitea:gitea /etc/gitea/conf/app.ini /var/lib/gitea

# mysql
mysql --default-character-set=utf8mb4 -u$USER -p$PASS $DATABASE <gitea-db.sql
# sqlite3
sqlite3 $DATABASE_PATH <gitea-db.sql
# postgres
psql -U $USER -d $DATABASE < gitea-db.sql

service gitea restart

Repository Git Hooks should be regenerated if installation method is changed (eg. binary -> Docker), or if Gitea is installed to a different directory than the previous installation.

With Gitea running, and from the directory Gitea’s binary is located, execute: ./gitea admin regenerate hooks

This ensures that application and configuration file paths in repository Git Hooks are consistent and applicable to the current installation. If these paths are not updated, repository push actions will fail.