Command Line

Usage

gitea [global options] command [command or global options] [arguments...]

Global options

All global options can be placed at the command level.

  • --help, -h: Show help text and exit. Optional.
  • --version, -v: Show version and exit. Optional. (example: Gitea version 1.1.0+218-g7b907ed built with: bindata, sqlite).
  • --custom-path path, -C path: Location of the Gitea custom folder. Optional. (default: AppWorkPath/custom or $GITEA_CUSTOM).
  • --config path, -c path: Gitea configuration file path. Optional. (default: custom/conf/app.ini).
  • --work-path path, -w path: Gitea AppWorkPath. Optional. (default: LOCATION_OF_GITEA_BINARY or $GITEA_WORK_DIR)

NB: The defaults custom-path, config and work-path can also be changed at build time (if preferred).

Commands

web

Starts the server:

  • Options:
    • --port number, -p number: Port number. Optional. (default: 3000). Overrides configuration file.
    • --install-port number: Port number to run the install page on. Optional. (default: 3000). Overrides configuration file.
    • --pid path, -P path: Pidfile path. Optional.
  • Examples:
    • gitea web
    • gitea web --port 80
    • gitea web --config /etc/gitea.ini --pid /some/custom/gitea.pid
  • Notes:
    • Gitea should not be run as root. To bind to a port below 1024, you can use setcap on Linux: sudo setcap 'cap_net_bind_service=+ep' /path/to/gitea. This will need to be redone every time you update Gitea.

admin

Admin operations:

  • Commands:
    • user:
      • list:
        • Options:
          • --admin: List only admin users. Optional.
        • Description: lists all users that exist
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin user list
      • delete:
        • Options:
          • --id: ID of user to be deleted. Required.
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin user delete --id 1
      • create:
        • Options:
          • --name value: Username. Required. As of gitea 1.9.0, use the --username flag instead.
          • --username value: Username. Required. New in gitea 1.9.0.
          • --password value: Password. Required.
          • --email value: Email. Required.
          • --admin: If provided, this makes the user an admin. Optional.
          • --access-token: If provided, an access token will be created for the user. Optional. (default: false).
          • --must-change-password: If provided, the created user will be required to choose a newer password after the initial login. Optional. (default: true).
          • --random-password: If provided, a randomly generated password will be used as the password of the created user. The value of --password will be discarded. Optional.
          • --random-password-length: If provided, it will be used to configure the length of the randomly generated password. Optional. (default: 12)
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin user create --username myname --password asecurepassword --email me@example.com
      • change-password:
        • Options:
          • --username value, -u value: Username. Required.
          • --password value, -p value: New password. Required.
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin user change-password --username myname --password asecurepassword
    • regenerate
      • Options:
        • hooks: Regenerate git-hooks for all repositories
        • keys: Regenerate authorized_keys file
      • Examples:
        • gitea admin regenerate hooks
        • gitea admin regenerate keys
    • auth:
      • list:
        • Description: lists all external authentication sources that exist
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin auth list
      • delete:
        • Options:
          • --id: ID of source to be deleted. Required.
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin auth delete --id 1
      • add-oauth:
        • Options:
          • --name: Application Name.
          • --provider: OAuth2 Provider.
          • --key: Client ID (Key).
          • --secret: Client Secret.
          • --auto-discover-url: OpenID Connect Auto Discovery URL (only required when using OpenID Connect as provider).
          • --use-custom-urls: Use custom URLs for GitLab/GitHub OAuth endpoints.
          • --custom-auth-url: Use a custom Authorization URL (option for GitLab/GitHub).
          • --custom-token-url: Use a custom Token URL (option for GitLab/GitHub).
          • --custom-profile-url: Use a custom Profile URL (option for GitLab/GitHub).
          • --custom-email-url: Use a custom Email URL (option for GitHub).
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin auth add-oauth --name external-github --provider github --key OBTAIN_FROM_SOURCE --secret OBTAIN_FROM_SOURCE
      • update-oauth:
        • Options:
          • --id: ID of source to be updated. Required.
          • --name: Application Name.
          • --provider: OAuth2 Provider.
          • --key: Client ID (Key).
          • --secret: Client Secret.
          • --auto-discover-url: OpenID Connect Auto Discovery URL (only required when using OpenID Connect as provider).
          • --use-custom-urls: Use custom URLs for GitLab/GitHub OAuth endpoints.
          • --custom-auth-url: Use a custom Authorization URL (option for GitLab/GitHub).
          • --custom-token-url: Use a custom Token URL (option for GitLab/GitHub).
          • --custom-profile-url: Use a custom Profile URL (option for GitLab/GitHub).
          • --custom-email-url: Use a custom Email URL (option for GitHub).
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin auth update-oauth --id 1 --name external-github-updated
      • add-ldap: Add new LDAP (via Bind DN) authentication source
        • Options:
          • --name value: Authentication name. Required.
          • --not-active: Deactivate the authentication source.
          • --security-protocol value: Security protocol name. Required.
          • --skip-tls-verify: Disable TLS verification.
          • --host value: The address where the LDAP server can be reached. Required.
          • --port value: The port to use when connecting to the LDAP server. Required.
          • --user-search-base value: The LDAP base at which user accounts will be searched for. Required.
          • --user-filter value: An LDAP filter declaring how to find the user record that is attempting to authenticate. Required.
          • --admin-filter value: An LDAP filter specifying if a user should be given administrator privileges.
          • --restricted-filter value: An LDAP filter specifying if a user should be given restricted status.
          • --username-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user name.
          • --firstname-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s first name.
          • --surname-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s surname.
          • --email-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s email address. Required.
          • --public-ssh-key-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s public ssh key.
          • --bind-dn value: The DN to bind to the LDAP server with when searching for the user.
          • --bind-password value: The password for the Bind DN, if any.
          • --attributes-in-bind: Fetch attributes in bind DN context.
          • --synchronize-users: Enable user synchronization.
          • --page-size value: Search page size.
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin auth add-ldap --name ldap --security-protocol unencrypted --host mydomain.org --port 389 --user-search-base "ou=Users,dc=mydomain,dc=org" --user-filter "(&(objectClass=posixAccount)(uid=%s))" --email-attribute mail
      • update-ldap: Update existing LDAP (via Bind DN) authentication source
        • Options:
          • --id value: ID of authentication source. Required.
          • --name value: Authentication name.
          • --not-active: Deactivate the authentication source.
          • --security-protocol value: Security protocol name.
          • --skip-tls-verify: Disable TLS verification.
          • --host value: The address where the LDAP server can be reached.
          • --port value: The port to use when connecting to the LDAP server.
          • --user-search-base value: The LDAP base at which user accounts will be searched for.
          • --user-filter value: An LDAP filter declaring how to find the user record that is attempting to authenticate.
          • --admin-filter value: An LDAP filter specifying if a user should be given administrator privileges.
          • --restricted-filter value: An LDAP filter specifying if a user should be given restricted status.
          • --username-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user name.
          • --firstname-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s first name.
          • --surname-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s surname.
          • --email-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s email address.
          • --public-ssh-key-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s public ssh key.
          • --bind-dn value: The DN to bind to the LDAP server with when searching for the user.
          • --bind-password value: The password for the Bind DN, if any.
          • --attributes-in-bind: Fetch attributes in bind DN context.
          • --synchronize-users: Enable user synchronization.
          • --page-size value: Search page size.
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin auth update-ldap --id 1 --name "my ldap auth source"
          • gitea admin auth update-ldap --id 1 --username-attribute uid --firstname-attribute givenName --surname-attribute sn
      • add-ldap-simple: Add new LDAP (simple auth) authentication source
        • Options:
          • --name value: Authentication name. Required.
          • --not-active: Deactivate the authentication source.
          • --security-protocol value: Security protocol name. Required.
          • --skip-tls-verify: Disable TLS verification.
          • --host value: The address where the LDAP server can be reached. Required.
          • --port value: The port to use when connecting to the LDAP server. Required.
          • --user-search-base value: The LDAP base at which user accounts will be searched for.
          • --user-filter value: An LDAP filter declaring how to find the user record that is attempting to authenticate. Required.
          • --admin-filter value: An LDAP filter specifying if a user should be given administrator privileges.
          • --restricted-filter value: An LDAP filter specifying if a user should be given restricted status.
          • --username-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user name.
          • --firstname-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s first name.
          • --surname-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s surname.
          • --email-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s email address. Required.
          • --public-ssh-key-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s public ssh key.
          • --user-dn value: The user’s DN. Required.
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin auth add-ldap-simple --name ldap --security-protocol unencrypted --host mydomain.org --port 389 --user-dn "cn=%s,ou=Users,dc=mydomain,dc=org" --user-filter "(&(objectClass=posixAccount)(cn=%s))" --email-attribute mail
      • update-ldap-simple: Update existing LDAP (simple auth) authentication source
        • Options:
          • --id value: ID of authentication source. Required.
          • --name value: Authentication name.
          • --not-active: Deactivate the authentication source.
          • --security-protocol value: Security protocol name.
          • --skip-tls-verify: Disable TLS verification.
          • --host value: The address where the LDAP server can be reached.
          • --port value: The port to use when connecting to the LDAP server.
          • --user-search-base value: The LDAP base at which user accounts will be searched for.
          • --user-filter value: An LDAP filter declaring how to find the user record that is attempting to authenticate.
          • --admin-filter value: An LDAP filter specifying if a user should be given administrator privileges.
          • --restricted-filter value: An LDAP filter specifying if a user should be given restricted status.
          • --username-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user name.
          • --firstname-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s first name.
          • --surname-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s surname.
          • --email-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s email address.
          • --public-ssh-key-attribute value: The attribute of the user’s LDAP record containing the user’s public ssh key.
          • --user-dn value: The user’s DN.
        • Examples:
          • gitea admin auth update-ldap-simple --id 1 --name "my ldap auth source"
          • gitea admin auth update-ldap-simple --id 1 --username-attribute uid --firstname-attribute givenName --surname-attribute sn

cert

Generates a self-signed SSL certificate. Outputs to cert.pem and key.pem in the current directory and will overwrite any existing files.

  • Options:
    • --host value: Comma seperated hostnames and ips which this certificate is valid for. Wildcards are supported. Required.
    • --ecdsa-curve value: ECDSA curve to use to generate a key. Optional. Valid options are P224, P256, P384, P521.
    • --rsa-bits value: Size of RSA key to generate. Optional. Ignored if –ecdsa-curve is set. (default: 2048).
    • --start-date value: Creation date. Optional. (format: Jan 1 15:04:05 2011).
    • --duration value: Duration which the certificate is valid for. Optional. (default: 8760h0m0s)
    • --ca: If provided, this cert generates it’s own certificate authority. Optional.
  • Examples:
    • gitea cert --host git.example.com,example.com,www.example.com --ca

dump

Dumps all files and databases into a zip file. Outputs into a file like gitea-dump-1482906742.zip in the current directory.

  • Options:
    • --file name, -f name: Name of the dump file with will be created. Optional. (default: gitea-dump-[timestamp].zip).
    • --tempdir path, -t path: Path to the temporary directory used. Optional. (default: /tmp).
    • --skip-repository, -R: Skip the repository dumping. Optional.
    • --database, -d: Specify the database SQL syntax. Optional.
    • --verbose, -V: If provided, shows additional details. Optional.
  • Examples:
    • gitea dump
    • gitea dump --verbose

generate

Generates random values and tokens for usage in configuration file. Useful for generating values for automatic deployments.

  • Commands:
    • secret:
      • Options:
        • INTERNAL_TOKEN: Token used for an internal API call authentication.
        • JWT_SECRET: LFS & OAUTH2 JWT authentication secret (LFS_JWT_SECRET is aliased to this option for backwards compatibility).
        • SECRET_KEY: Global secret key.
      • Examples:
        • gitea generate secret INTERNAL_TOKEN
        • gitea generate secret JWT_SECRET
        • gitea generate secret SECRET_KEY

keys

Provides an SSHD AuthorizedKeysCommand. Needs to be configured in the sshd config file:

...
# The value of -e and the AuthorizedKeysCommandUser should match the
# username running gitea
AuthorizedKeysCommandUser git
AuthorizedKeysCommand /path/to/gitea keys -e git -u %u -t %t -k %k

The command will return the appropriate authorized_keys line for the provided key. You should also set the value SSH_CREATE_AUTHORIZED_KEYS_FILE=false in the [server] section of app.ini.

NB: opensshd requires the gitea program to be owned by root and not writable by group or others. The program must be specified by an absolute path. NB: Gitea must be running for this command to succeed.

migrate

Migrates the database. This command can be used to run other commands before starting the server for the first time.
This command is idempotent.

convert

Converts an existing MySQL database from utf8 to utf8mb4.

doctor

Diagnose the problems of current gitea instance according the given configuration. Currently there are a check list below:

  • Check if OpenSSH authorized_keys file id correct When your gitea instance support OpenSSH, your gitea instance binary path will be written to authorized_keys when there is any public key added or changed on your gitea instance. Sometimes if you moved or renamed your gitea binary when upgrade and you haven’t run Update the '.ssh/authorized_keys' file with Gitea SSH keys. (Not needed for the built-in SSH server.) on your Admin Panel. Then all pull/push via SSH will not be work. This check will help you to check if it works well.

For contributors, if you want to add more checks, you can wrie ad new function like func(ctx *cli.Context) ([]string, error) and append it to doctor.go.

var checklist = []check{
	{
		title: "Check if OpenSSH authorized_keys file id correct",
		f:     runDoctorLocationMoved,
    },
    // more checks please append here
}

This function will receive a command line context and return a list of details about the problems or error.

doctor recreate-table

Sometimes when there are migrations the old columns and default values may be left unchanged in the database schema. This may lead to warning such as:

2020/08/02 11:32:29 ...rm/session_schema.go:360:Sync2() [W] Table user Column keep_activity_private db default is , struct default is 0

You can cause Gitea to recreate these tables and copy the old data into the new table with the defaults set appropriately by using:

gitea doctor recreate-table user

You can ask gitea to recreate multiple tables using:

gitea doctor recreate-table table1 table2 ...

And if you would like Gitea to recreate all tables simply call:

gitea doctor recreate-table

It is highly recommended to back-up your database before running these commands.

manager

Manage running server operations:

  • Commands:
    • shutdown: Gracefully shutdown the running process
    • restart: Gracefully restart the running process - (not implemented for windows servers)
    • flush-queues: Flush queues in the running process
      • Options:
        • --timeout value: Timeout for the flushing process (default: 1m0s)
        • --non-blocking: Set to true to not wait for flush to complete before returning
    • logging: Adjust logging commands
      • Commands:
        • pause: Pause logging
          • Notes:
            • The logging level will be raised to INFO temporarily if it is below this level.
            • Gitea will buffer logs up to a certain point and will drop them after that point.
        • resume: Resume logging
        • release-and-reopen: Cause Gitea to release and re-open files and connections used for logging (Equivalent to sending SIGUSR1 to Gitea.)
        • remove name: Remove the named logger
          • Options:
            • --group group, -g group: Set the group to remove the sublogger from. (defaults to default)
        • add: Add a logger
          • Commands:
            • console: Add a console logger
              • Options:
                • --group value, -g value: Group to add logger to - will default to “default”
                • --name value, -n value: Name of the new logger - will default to mode
                • --level value, -l value: Logging level for the new logger
                • --stacktrace-level value, -L value: Stacktrace logging level
                • --flags value, -F value: Flags for the logger
                • --expression value, -e value: Matching expression for the logger
                • --prefix value, -p value: Prefix for the logger
                • --color: Use color in the logs
                • --stderr: Output console logs to stderr - only relevant for console
            • file: Add a file logger
              • Options:
                • --group value, -g value: Group to add logger to - will default to “default”
                • --name value, -n value: Name of the new logger - will default to mode
                • --level value, -l value: Logging level for the new logger
                • --stacktrace-level value, -L value: Stacktrace logging level
                • --flags value, -F value: Flags for the logger
                • --expression value, -e value: Matching expression for the logger
                • --prefix value, -p value: Prefix for the logger
                • --color: Use color in the logs
                • --filename value, -f value: Filename for the logger -
                • --rotate, -r: Rotate logs
                • --max-size value, -s value: Maximum size in bytes before rotation
                • --daily, -d: Rotate logs daily
                • --max-days value, -D value: Maximum number of daily logs to keep
                • --compress, -z: Compress rotated logs
                • --compression-level value, -Z value: Compression level to use
            • conn: Add a network connection logger
              • Options:
                • --group value, -g value: Group to add logger to - will default to “default”
                • --name value, -n value: Name of the new logger - will default to mode
                • --level value, -l value: Logging level for the new logger
                • --stacktrace-level value, -L value: Stacktrace logging level
                • --flags value, -F value: Flags for the logger
                • --expression value, -e value: Matching expression for the logger
                • --prefix value, -p value: Prefix for the logger
                • --color: Use color in the logs
                • --reconnect-on-message, -R: Reconnect to host for every message
                • --reconnect, -r: Reconnect to host when connection is dropped
                • --protocol value, -P value: Set protocol to use: tcp, unix, or udp (defaults to tcp)
                • --address value, -a value: Host address and port to connect to (defaults to :7020)
            • smtp: Add an SMTP logger
              • Options:
                • --group value, -g value: Group to add logger to - will default to “default”
                • --name value, -n value: Name of the new logger - will default to mode
                • --level value, -l value: Logging level for the new logger
                • --stacktrace-level value, -L value: Stacktrace logging level
                • --flags value, -F value: Flags for the logger
                • --expression value, -e value: Matching expression for the logger
                • --prefix value, -p value: Prefix for the logger
                • --color: Use color in the logs
                • --username value, -u value: Mail server username
                • --password value, -P value: Mail server password
                • --host value, -H value: Mail server host (defaults to: 127.0.0.1:25)
                • --send-to value, -s value: Email address(es) to send to
                • --subject value, -S value: Subject header of sent emails